Desktop virtualization can be used in conjunction with application virtualization and (Windows) user profile management systems, now termed “user virtualization,” to provide a comprehensive desktop environment management system. In this mode, all the components of the desktop are virtualized, which allows for a highly flexible and much more secure desktop delivery model. In addition, this approach supports a more complete desktop disaster recovery strategy as all components are essentially saved in the data center and backed up through traditional redundant maintenance systems. If a user’s device or hardware is lost, the restore is much more straightforward and simple, because basically all the components will be present at login from another device. In addition, because no data is saved to the user’s device, if that device is lost, there is much less chance that any critical data can be retrieved and compromised.
There are primarily two types of desktop virtualization that are offered:
- Citrix XenDesktop
- VMware Horizon View